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Agriculture Jammu-AGRIJ

1. Agriculture: -

Agriculture is the main stay of the economy of the State. More than 80% of the population in the state derives its livelihood from this sector. In this way, agriculture is playing a vital role in the development of the economy.
Jammu Division of J&K State has grass cropped area (Kharif + Rabi) to the extent of 7.20 lacs hectares constituting 58.31% of the total area sown in the state with a cropping intensity of 174.4%. Out of this cultivated area 0.98 lac hectares (26%) is irrigated and the remaining 74% is rainfed and dependence upon rain with respect to crop production and productivity.
The following objectives has been set forth during 2009-10 within the ambit of 11th five year plan period (2007-12) in respect of Agriculture and Allied Activities with some innovative schemes as well to be achieved in a pragmatic manner subject to the availability of funds:-

(i) To ensure new breakthrough in productivity of Paddy, Wheat and Maize by introduction of latest strains of high yielding variety (HYV) and hybrids and adoption of latest location specific technologies recommended by R&D institutions within and outside the State.

(ii) To increase area and production in oilseeds and pulses by adopting latest technologies and improved inputs.

(iii) To increase cropping intensity by way of double cropping.

(iv) To raise level of Agricultural Productivity in rain fed areas by way of development of irrigation potential.

(v) To ensure provision of credit for purchase of inputs at reasonable prices through a network of banking institutions and sale centers within the reach of farmers.

(vi) To promote farm mechanization and increase farm power per unit area for timeliness and precise operation and to avoid manual fatigue and to save Agriculture labourer, which could be shifted to industrial sector. The farm mechanization needs boosting by way of provision of 50% incentive, as the cost of the agriculture machinery is not affordable by small and marginal farmers.

(vii) Undertaking Soil and moisture conservation increases.

(viii) Strengthening of extension network to ensure constant and regular contacts between farmers, Agriculture Department and the University/Research Institutions.

(ix) Strengthening of law enforcement machinery and maintaining quality control aspects of agriculture inputs.

(x) Diversification of farming/farming system with major stress on remunerated crops like vegetables and other agro based enterprises like Apiculture, Mushroom Development, Development of spices & condiments and Floriculture etc.

(xi) Strengthening of seed and soil testing facilities.

(xii) Major stress on seed production programme through seed villages and by strengthening both large as well as small seed multiplication farms to achieve self sufficiency in seed production to a large extent to increase S.R.R.

(xiii) Use Information technology for farm Management.

(xiv) Undertaking Integrated Pest Management measures.

Annual Plan 2009-10

Annual Plan 2009-10 in respect of Agriculture Department, Jammu has been framed at Rs.952.45 lacs (Revenue: Rs.502.45 lacs and Capital: Rs.450.00 lacs in accordance with the instructions and guidelines of Planning and Development Department/ Administrative Department conveyed vide its letter No.Agri/PC-08/2009-10 dated:- 20.08.2009 for framing Plan proposal of the various schemes/programmes related to approved Agricultural activities on Revenue and Capital component as per the following breakup:-

Item Outlay 2008-09 Proposed Outlay 2009-10
Revenue 319.00 502.45
Capital 400.00 450.00

I- Revenue
During the current financial year 2009-10, an amount of Rs. 502.45 lacs has been proposed as Revenue component which includes Rs. 320.00 lacs for payment of Stipend to unemployed agriculture graduates engaged under Rehbar-e-Ziraat Scheme and Rs. 142.45 lacs will be met out on salary component for new creation in the department of Agriculture Jammu vis-à-vis i. 45 new posts of Ministerial Cadre vide Govt. Order No. 142-Agri of 2008 dated:- 21.05.2008 ii. for newly created districts of Reasi, Ramban, Kishtwar as per staffing pattern vide Govt. Order No:279-Agri of 2008 dated:-7.10.2008 and iii. One post each of Assistant Director and Statistical Officers in all ten districts vide Govt. Order No. 105-PD of 2008 dated:- 07.10.2008 and remaining Rs.40.00 lacs on other object heads of Revenue component.

I-Capital:

During 2009-10, an amount of Rs. 450.00 lacs has been proposed as per the instructions of Planning and Development Department/Administrative Department for its utilization on the approved/on-going schemes & programmes being implemented by the Department with due focus by allocating adequate funds within the available resources so that these may not suffer on financial aspects.

2.0 Machinery &EquipmentThere are as many as 26 “Seed Multiplication Farms” having an area of about 3858 acres in Jammu province of which two are big “Seed Multiplication Farms” namely Chinore and Chakrohi having 2586 Acres and 785 Acres of land respectively constituting 87.38 % of the total farm land area available. In order to cultivate the available lands in these farms, improved machinery like Tractors of higher capacity, Power Tillers, Combined Harvester and other related implements are required for carrying out the agricultural activities in these farms.
The Agriculture Department is contemplating a plan to meet the requirement of seeds departmentally, by producing the seeds in these farms. At present, we are meeting the seed requirements to the extent of 40% only and the rest is imported from other states.
In order to make the department self sufficient in meeting the seed requirements and exploit the full potential for seed multiplication, an amount of Rs. 50.00 lacs has been kept in the Draft Annual Plan 2009-10 for procurement of machinery and equipments, strengthening of workshop, maintenance of existing machinery & equipment being used at departmental farms, etc. under this scheme resulting therein to promote farm mechanization and increase farm power per unit area.

3.0 Raw Materials & Drugs (M&S):

This scheme envisages providing of raw materials & drugs/medicines for implementation of the schemes namely improvement of existing farms, Mushroom Development, Apiculture Development, Enforcement/Testing of soil, fertilizers, pesticides and agriculture inputs etc. An amount of Rs. 88.00 lacs has been earmarked under Annual Plan 2009-10 for utilization on implementation of the approved agricultural activities. The brief detail of activities undertaken under the object head “Raw, Material/Drugs”.

4.0 Subsidies / Incentives:

An amount of Rs. 210.00 lacs is proposed for subsidies/incentives to be provided to the farming community in the Draft Annual Plan 2009-10 out of which only Rs.92.40 lacs has been kept as the matching State Share for the implementation of the Centrally Sponsored Schemes namely “Macro-Management of Works plan ( Rs.59.40 lacs), ISOPOM ( Rs. 25.00 lacs) respectively, for National Agriculture Insurance (Rs. 3.00 lacs) and (Rs. 5.00 lacs) for .Support to State Extension Programme for Agriculture Reforms(ATMA) . Besides, Rs.50.00 lacs have also been proposed for subsidy under Seed and Plant Material and remaining Rs. 67.60 lacs for subsidies/incentives to be provided to the farming community in the District Sector.

4.1 Macro-Management of Work Plan:

A centrally sponsored scheme namely “Macro-Management of Work Plan” had been introduced /launched during the year 2000-01, with the objective to achieve the sustained growth of agriculture sector. In order to achieve the desired goal, a holistic approach has been adopted in this programme, which covers “Crop Development”, “Development of Condiments and Spices” including Saffron, Soil Health, Land Development and Monitoring & Evaluation, etc. Under this scheme, a provision of Rs. 59.40 lacs has been accommodated in the Draft Annual plan 2009-10 as matching state share of the central grants-in-aid to be provided by the GOI for implementation of the scheme against the actual requirement of Rs.76.14 lacs. This scheme is being implemented on cost sharing basis in the ratio of 90:10.

4.2 Integrated Scheme for Oilseeds, Pulses, Oil palm & Maize (ISOPOM):

The erstwhile schemes viz. National Pulses Development Scheme, Oilseeds Production Programme and Special Food Production Programme (AMDP) have been restructured and modified, by emerging them under one scheme namely “Integrated Scheme for Oilseeds, Pulses, Oil Palm and Maize” for better results and proper monitoring. All technical hassles involved in its implementation have been removed / simplified under the restructured / modified scheme so that focus is laid on development of these crops by just implementing the one scheme.
A provision of Rs. 25.00 lacs is proposed in the Draft Annual Plan 2009-10 as the matching State Share against the actual requirement of Rs. 41.00 lacs for implementation of the scheme-“Integrated Scheme for Oilseeds Pulses, Oil Palm & Maize (ISOPOM)” which is being implemented on cost sharing basis in the ratio of 75.25.

4.3 Subsidy on Seed and Plant Material:

This scheme envisages popularization of High Yielding Varieties among the farmers for adoption. Under this scheme, the HYV seeds are procured from the farmers and in turn, subsidy/incentive per quintal, as per the norms set in this regard, are provided to the farmers as incentives over and above the cost of the seeds procured.
The expenditure on account of providing these incentives to the farmers are met out of the funds available under this head, for which an amount of Rs. 50.00 lacs is also proposed in the Draft Annual Plan 2009-10 as well.

2. Agri. Land:
In Jammu Province, rainfed farming system is prevalent in most of the cultivated area. This area is locally called “Kandi belt” and is characterized by rugged terrain rolling topography, sloppy land and surface run-off. Soil erosion is maximum with very little conservation. In the rainy season, peak intensity run-off washes away precious top soil and flows through the drainage lines causing sheet erosion of the productive land below. Both arable as well as non-arable lands are subjected to severe erosion resulting in the formation of rills and gullies.
The Agriculture Department, Jammu has a full fledged strength of 110 Officers and Officials working under the scheme “Agri Land” for executing of Soil and Water Conservation Programme for which the department has to meet Rs. 350.00 lacs per annum on salary component. Due to insufficient allotment of Rs. 30.00 lacs under Capital Component for current years, the Department could not make any headway. The Agriculture Department requires a sufficient funds under this scheme to control run-off , conserve available agriculture soil and moisture, arrest soil erosion and bringing an end to water logging problem by adopting various soil and water conservation techniques thereby, checking further degradation of land in the project area and restoration of more productivity for all types of land.

 

 
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