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State of Jammu and Kashmir comprises of three regions viz Kashmir, Jammu and Ladakh. The State is further divided into 22 districts, two in Ladakh, 10 each in Jammu and Kashmir. The number of Tehsils and CD Blocks are 82 & 143 respectively. There are as many as 6671 villages and 68 urban areas besides 7 urban agglomerations. The total geographical area of the state is 2,222,36 sq. Kms. Which includes 78,114 sq. Kms under POK, 37,555 sq. kms under illegal occupation of China in Ladakh and 5180 sq. kms illegally handed over by Pakistan to China.

As per 2011 census, the population of the state is 12541302 which represents 0.93% of the total population of the country comprisinnng of 6640662 males and 5900640 females working out the sex ratio of 892 compared to the sex ratio of 933 at national level. The decadal growth rate for the state is 29.98% which is highest in the country. Population consists of 68.32% Muslims, 28.44% Hindus, 1.87% Sikhs, 0.90% Buddhist, 0.28% Christians and 0.01% others. 75.19% of the population resides in rural areas and rest 24.81% in urban areas. The valley of Kashmir experience severe winter, pleasant springs and moderate summer. Ladakh region gets very little rainfall while climate of plain areas of Jammu is more or less similar to that of Punjab. Most of Kashmir and Ladakh have single cropping pattern while in Jammu more than one crop is harvested. A light chunk of population in the state derive its livelihood from Agriculture. The principal crops of the State are Rice, Maize and Wheat. Horticulture is,however, one of the potential area. Fruit production has reached 14 lakh Mts.

The perennial rivers provide an excellent base for generation of Hydroelectric power. The state has a potential of 20 thousand HWs. However, due to scarcity of resources, very little production has been exploited so far.

The Jammu and Kashmir is an important tourist destination and has been a place of interactionto tourists all over the world for centuries. The lush green tourist resort of Gulmarg, Pahalgam, Yousmarg, Kokernag, Verinag and golden meadows of Sonamarg are imparallel. Jammu is attracting a large number of Pilgrims and the important destination has been the Mata Vaishno Devi Shrine. The Ladakh region has been much sought-after destination especially for foreign tourists. It is monasteries, the Lama-Buddhist culture, the beautiful paintings, sculptures and ancient books are source of attraction to the tourists. During the year 2007 as many as 79.68 lakhs tourists/pilgrims visited the State.

The Handicraft Industries in J&K occupies an important place in the economy of the state and makes a conspicuous contribution in sustaining direct employment to the people of the State. The Handicraft products of the state have won worldwide acclaim for their attractive designs, high quality of craftsmanship and their functional utility. The handicrafts of the state have great contribution towards foreign exchange earning to the state and country particular.

Jammu and Kashmir State at a Glance

Area in Sq. Kms

222236*

Agriculture Land

2416 (000ha)

Forest Land

251 (000ha)

Land use to non-Agri. uses

305 (000ha)

Barren & un-cultivated land

298 (000ha)

Total food grain (2015-16)

17408 (000 qtls)

No. of Districts

22

No. of Tehsils

82

No. of C.D. Blocks (2015-16)

318

No. of Panchayats (2015-16)

4198

No. of Villages (2011 Census)

6671

No. of Urban Areas (towns)

86

No. of Urban Agglomeration having Population 1Lakh and above as per 2011 Census

3

CENSUS-2011

Population

Total

Male

Female

Total

12541302

6640662

5900640

Rural

9108060

4774477

4333583

Urban

3433242

1866185

1567057

Region-wise Population

Jammu

5378538

Kashmir

6888475

Ladakh

274289

Population by Religion

Religion

Total

Percentage

Hindus

3566674

28.44%

Sikhs

234848

1.87%

Muslims

8567485

68.32%

Christians

35631

0.28%

Buddhists

112584

0.90%

Jains

2490

0.02%

Others

1508

0.01%

Religions Not Stated

20082

0.16%

Literates Absolute

Total

Male

Female

Total

7067233

4264671

2802562

Rural

4747950

2891749

1856201

Urban

2319283

1372922

946361

Literates Rate (excluding 0-6 population)

Total

67.16

76.75

56.43

Rural

63.18

73.76

51.64

Urban

77.12

83.92

69.01

Percentage of child population (0-6) to total population

Total

16.10

16.33

15.84

Rural

17.49

17.89

17.05

Urban

12.41

12.34

12.49

Sex ratio (0-6 population) (Female per 1000 Male)

Total

862

Rural

865

Urban

850

Density (per Sq. Kms)                                                           124 @

Sex ratio(Female per 1000 Male)

Total

889

Rural

908

Urban

840

*Includes 78,114 sq. Kms under POK, 37,555 sq. kms under illegal occupation of China in Ladakh and 5180 sq. kms illegally handed over by Pakistan to China.

@ worked out on comparable Area

 
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